Indo-European Languages

The Indo-European (IE) languages constitute the core of our language offerings at Spectrum Translation.  Originating in Western Asia some 6000 years ago, they now encompass the world, and their speakers make up over 40% of the world’s population.

With over three billion speakers (native) on the planet today, the Indo-European languages are the medium of communication for a majority of the world’s population.

Spectrum Translation specializes in all of the main Indo-European languages such as Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish, and it offers non-European languages of this language family on request.

Please contact us for more information on our IE language services.

Indo-European Languages at Spectrum Translation

(West) Germanic LanguagesAfrikaans, Dutch, English, German

Scandinavian LanguagesDanish, Norwegian, Swedish

Romance Languages:  Catalan, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish

Slavic LanguagesCzech, Russian, Ukrainian (others on request)

Baltic LanguagesLatvian, Lithuanian

Indo-Aryan:  Bengali, Hindi, Marathi

Some Language Notes

The group of languages now known as the Indo-European language family originated in prehistory sometime before 4000 BC.  Archaeological evidence appears to indicate that the Proto-Indo-European* language’s homeland was in Western Asia, from where IE language speakers migrated to regions as diverse as Europe, Central Asia and South Asia

Language diversification then followed, with such ancient languages as Proto-Greek and Proto-Indo-Iranian appearing by 2000 BC.  Proto-Italic (ancestor of Latin and the Romance languages), Proto-Germanic, the Baltic languages, the Celtic languages and Iranian followed, forming up by the first millennium BC.  The original Slavic or Proto-Slavic language is attested from around the beginning of the current era.

Many regions such as Anatolia and Central Asia which today speak Afro-Asiatic† and Turkic‡ languages were originally populated by Indo-European languages.  What the IE languages lost to Arab and Turkic expansion, however, was made up by modern colonialism:  the descendants of the first IE language speakers have brought their languages to all corners of the world.

With around three billion native speakers, the Indo-European languages are now used by more than 40% of the earth’s population for commerce, education, government, science, technology, the arts and of course, daily communication.

* Proto-:  relating to or constituting the recorded or assumed language that is ancestral to a language or to a group of related languages or dialects.

† These include Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew.

‡ Turkish, Azerbaijani, Uzbek, Kazakh, etc.  The Arab or Islamic conquest and the Turkic expansion established these people’s languages in significant areas where Indo-European languages were once spoken.